Our state-of-the-art facilities offer in-office procedures that may have been recommended for you. Following are some explanations of two of the most common ones.
A colposcopy is scheduled when the results of a Pap test show abnormal changes in the cells of the cervix. Colposcopy is a way of looking at the cervix through a special magnifying device called a colposcope, which shines a light into the vagina and onto the cervix. The magnified view provides more information about the abnormal cells and allows the doctor to investigate problems that cannot be seen by the naked eye. If an abnormal area is seen, a small biopsy may be taken.
Colposcopy can also be used to evaluate other problems such as inflammation or polyps on the cervix, as well as pain or bleeding with sexual intercourse.
The procedure is best done when a woman is not on her period. For at least 24 hours prior to the test, one should not:
- Use tampons
- Use vaginal medications
- Have sex
Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP)
Cells on the cervix grow and shed all the time. Sometimes, usually due to HPV infection, these cells become abnormal. This is known as dysplasia. In its milder form, this may resolve on its own, but if it is severe or does not go away, it may lead to cancer of the cervix. Smoking and exposure to sexually transmitted disease (STDs) also increases one’s risk of developing cervical cancer.
LEEP is a simple and effective way to treat cervical dysplasia. LEEP uses a thin wire loop which acts as a scalpel. An electric current is passed through this loop and removes a very thin layer of the abnormal surface cells. New, healthy cells grow back and replace the dysplastic cells. After this treatment, close and more frequent monitoring with Pap smears is necessary to ensure no recurrence.